Unit 4: Market | Vocabulary | A2
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Unit 4: Market | Vocabulary | A2

At a ‘fruit and veg’ market, you can find a large variety of fresh fruit and vegetables. Not only are there the usual potatoes, tomatoes and carrots but you can also see exotic pineapples, kiwi and passion fruit, imported from hotter countries.


Look at the list of fruit and vegetable items below and complete the table using the words in the box underneath.

tomato cucumber    
apple aubergine    
pear potato    
banana onion    
orange courgette    
peach green beans    
grape asparagus    
raspberry peas    
nectarine     pineapple     lettuce     cabbage     tangerine     beetroot     strawberry     cherry     okra     radish     gooseberry     cauliflower     grapefruit     pepper     spinach    melon
In Britain, people still commonly use the imperial system of weights and measures, that is, they buy their fruit and vegetables by the POUND and not the kilo (1 pound =454 grams or 1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds approximately). Sometimes we write Ib as a shorter form of the word ‘pound’.


Complete the shopping list by filling in the missing letters:


Dialogue: At the fruit and veg market

Fill the gaps using the words provided below:

those     much     pound     pounds    bunch

Market trader: Can I help you, madam?

Customer: Yes, I'd like two 1.__________ of tomatoes and a pound of courgettes, please.

Market trader: Two pounds of tomatoes, coming up.

There you are. It's just over two pounds; is that too 2.__________?

Customer: No, no, that's fine.

Market trader: And a pound of courgettes — that's two pounds forty, madam.

Customer: Fine. Oh, let me see. How much are 3.__________ lovely peaches?

Market trader: 85p a 4.__________. Flown in fresh from sunny Israel, especially for you, madam.

Customer: I'll take a pound of those, and a nice big 5.__________ of bananas, as well.

Market trader: Right you are. There we go; that's four pounds seventy-five altogether.

Thank you very much, 25p's your change from a fiver.

Customer: Thank you.

N.B. In colloquial language, a fiver means £5, and a tenner means £10. The word ‘pence’ is often abbreviated (=shortened) to p.


Vocabulary related to fruit

When a piece of fruit is ready to eat, it is said to be ripe. If it is not at its best, it is either unripe or underripe, or else it is overripe. Overripe fruit tends to change colour and become very soft, while underripe fruit is hard and usually green. Some fruits have stones inside, while others have pips. Stones are much bigger than pips; for example, lemons have pips but nectarines have stones. Some fruits are naturally bitter, like lemons, or sour, like grapefruit. Others are sweet, like strawberries, grapes and pineapples. You can tell if a piece of fruit is fresh or not by the feel of its skin and the softness of the flesh.


Use the information on the previous page, complete these sentences by filling in the gaps:

1. These bananas are all brown; they’re __________ .

2. All peaches have a very hard __________ inside.

3. I can11 eat grapefruit without a little sugar: it tastes too __________.

4. Oranges have very tough skins but soft __________.

5. Fruit is often very __________ because it contains natural sugar.


Use the information in the previous exercises to write out in words what the following stand for:

1 Ib one pound
1 kg  


Choose the following questions with the correct response:

1. How much are those tangerines?

2. Have you picked those strawberries yet?

3. Why do you put sugar on your grapefruit?

4. Have you got any watermelons?

5. Why are these tomatoes green?

A. Yes, but only the ripe ones.

B. They' re still a little underripe, that's all.

C. They' re 79p a pound, madam,

D. Because otherwise It tastes too sour.

E. I' m afraid not; we've sold out.