Unit 13: Contrast clauses | Grammar | B1
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Unit 13: Contrast clauses | Grammar | B1

Contrast clauses are introduced by the conjunctions: although, though, even though, etc. A contrast clause can come either before or after the main clause in a sentence and is used to make the main clause seem surprising in some way.
Contrast clauses can also be preceded by despite or in spite of, sometimes followed by a noun group or -ing form of the verb.


Match the main clauses with appropriate contrast clauses in the exercise below:

1. The teacher heard us A. despite the fact that we live in the same town.
2. She went to the party B. although I hadn't seen him for years.
3. I recognised him immediately C. she always got the best marks.
4. In spite of the fact that she was the youngest in the class D. even though they knew she was a vegetarian.
5. He told her about the job E. in some ways she is the most mature.
6. In spite of bad weather, F. even though we were talking very quietly.
7. They gave her meat for dinner G. I love him very much.
8. In spite of being the youngest, H. they seem quite happy.
9. I hardly ever see my relatives I. they had the picnic as planned.
10. I've never been to France J. though it was supposed to be a secret.
11. Despite having no money, K. although I've heard it's a beautiful country.
12. Even though he's selfish and bad-tempered, L. despite the fact that her parents had forbidden her to go.


Transform the following sentences so that the same meaning is expressed, using the construction Even though + clause:

e.g. Despite being the oldest in her family, she was treated like a child.

Even though she was the oldest in her family, she was treated like a child.

1. In spite of the snow and ice on the road, we got home safely.

Even though ____________________________.

2. Despite the large number of letters we sent them, we received no reply.

Even though ____________________________.

3. In spite of the fact that she made mistakes, she was a good secretary.

Even though ____________________________.


Now transform the following sentences, using the Despite + '-ing' form:

e.g. Even though she had no qualifications, she got the job.

Despite having no qualifications, she got the iob.

1. Even though he looks quite tough, he's actually quite sensitive.

Despite ____________________________.

2. I arrived late even though I left my house before 6 o'clock.

Despite ____________________________.

3. He smokes and drinks even though he’s a priest.

Despite ____________________________.